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Table 2 Willingness of entering first-year medical students to provide behavioral health information and recommendations

From: Willingness to provide behavioral health recommendations: a cross-sectional study of entering medical students

Areas of communication Intention to provide information “always or nearly always” for the indicated risk factor [(% of respondents)Average willingness scorea]
  Smoking in 45-year-old Alcohol use in 38-year-old with indications of alcoholism Diet and exercise in overweight, sedentary 23-year-old Sexual activity including intercourse in 16-year-old
Discuss associated health risks (90.3 %) (86.0 %) (80.7 %) (95.7 %)
  3.87 3.73 3.80 3.95
Recommend elimination of high-risk behavior (78.5 %) (64.5 %) (87.1 %) (28.0 %)
  3.73 3.40 3.83 2.11 *
Provide harm reduction information (79.6 %) (85.0 %) (74.2 %) (94.6 %)
  3.75 3.76 3.66 3.94
Assure patient of continued care whether or not recommendations are accepted (73.1 %) (71.0 %) (78.5 %) (90.2 %)
  3.61 3.54 3.66 3.84
  1. a Average willingness score based on a five-level Likert scale addressing the respondent’s self-reported likelihood of providing the information subset: (0) never, (1) rarely, (2) about half of cases, (3) usually, or (4) always or nearly always.
  2. * p < 0.001, Friedman’s rank test for comparison of willingness scores across the four clinical scenarios. Pair-wise comparisons, adjusted for multiple comparisons, revealed that this result was statistically different from the willingness scores in this area of communication for the other cases.