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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of students and results of tests

From: A controlled study of team-based learning for undergraduate clinical neurology education

  TBL (n = 49) PL (n = 49) P value
Age in years, mean (SEM) 21.4 (0.1) 21.4 (0.1) 1.0
Male, n (%) 27 (55.1) 27 (55.1) 1.0
Examination grades, n (%)    
   A 8 (16.3) 8 (16.3)  
   B 29 (59.2) 29 (59.2)  
   C 11 (22.4) 11 (22.4) 1.0
   D 1 (2.0) 1 (2.0)  
   F 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
Unadjusted test scores, mean (SEM)    
   Pre-test 14.90 (0.30) 14.20 (0.34) 0.13
   Post-test 1 16.65 (0.33) 15.06 (0.34) 0.01
   Post-test 2 17.18 (0.32) 14.88 (0.29) < 0.001
Unadjusted mean % change in score from baseline pre-test (SEM)    
   Post-test 1 8.8 (1.5) 4.3 (1.3) 0.023
   Post-test 2 11.4 (1.6) 3.4 (1.7) 0.001
Students scoring ≥ 90%, n (%)    
   Pre-test 5 (10.2) 6 (12.2) 1.0
   Post-test 1 20 (40.8) 8 (16.3) 0.013a
   Post-test 2 26 (53.1) 5 (10.2) < 0.001b
  1. TBL = team based learning
  2. PL = passive learning
  3. SEM = standard error of the mean
  4. a p = 0.009 after adjustment for gender and examination grades
  5. b p < 0.001 after adjustment for gender and examination grades