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Table 3 Results of gender comparison of IRI-EC and IRI-PT mean scores.

From: Stability of empathy among undergraduate medical students: A longitudinal study at one UK medical school

Empathetic Concern
Core Science component students
Year of course Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Men   n = 309 n = 145 n = 86
  Mean (SD) 19.43 (4.02) 18.13 (4.87) 18.77 (4.15)
Women   n = 346 n = 175 n = 112
  Mean (SD) 21.07 (3.76) 21.24 (3.71) 20.84 (3.78)
   t = 5.379 p < 0.001 t = 6.479 p < 0.001 t = 3.665 p < 0.001
  Cohen's d 0.42 0.73 0.53
Clinical component students
Year of course Year 4 Year 5 Year 6
Men   n = 154 n = 81 n = 45
  Mean(SD) 19.47 (4.09) 18.89 (4.54) 19.02 (4.12)
Women   n = 182 n = 115 n = 87
  Mean(SD) 21.58 (3.54) 21.66 (3.28) 21.16 (3.48)
   t = 5.069 p < 0.001 t = 4.699 p < 0.001 t = 3.138 p = 0.002
  Cohen's d 0.56 0.72 0.58
Perspective Taking
Core Science component students
Year of Course Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Men   n = 310 n = 145 n = 86
  Mean (SD) 18.05 (4.21) 17.60 (4.91) 18.37 (3.97)
Women   n = 346 n = 175 n = 112
  Mean (SD) 19.37 (3.98) 19.64 (4.11) 19.44 (4.53)
   t = 4.133 p < 0.001 t = 4.043 p < 0.001 t = 1.730 p = 0.085
  Cohen's d 0.32 0.47 0.25
Clinical component students
Year of Course Year 4 Year 5 Year 6
Men   n = 155 n = 81 n = 45
  Mean (SD) 17.90 (4.21) 17.75 (4.53) 18.24 (4.69)
Women   n = 183 n = 114 n = 87
  Mean (SD) 19.22 (4.20) 19.68 (3.75) 19.03 (4.21)
   t = 2.865 p < 0.004 t = 3.236 p < 0.001 t = 0.984 p = 0.327
  Cohen's d 0.31 0.47 0.18