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Table 2 Principal Components with Varimax rotation solutions of JSPE-vs items

From: Empathy in senior year and first year medical students: a cross-sectional study

Item Communalities   Components   Correlation
   Compassionate care Perspective taking Standing in the Patient's Shoes r***
14. I believe that emotion has no place in the treatment of medical illness .488 .694 -.016 .073 .594
8. Attentiveness to patients' personal experiences does not influence treatment outcomes .466 .662 .089 .140 .591
1. Physicians' understanding of their patients' feelings and the feeling of their patients' families does not influence medical or surgical treatment .423 .624 -.179 .030 .412
20. I believe that empathy is an important therapeutic factor in medical treatment .512 .583 .411 -.054 .608
10. Patients value a physician's understanding of their feelings which is therapeutic in its own right .376 .572 .219 .017 .553
13. Physicians should try to understand what is going on in their patients' minds by paying attention to their non-verbal cues and body language .368 .528 .274 .117 .524
7. Attention to patients' emotions is not important in history taking .243 .469 .126 -.081 .447
2. Patients feel better when their physicians understand their feelings .247 .454 .170 .111 .346
11. Patients' illnesses can be cured only by medical or surgical treatment; therefore, physicians' emotional ties with their patients do not have a significant influence in medical or surgical treatment .251 .444 .133 .190 .499
12. Asking patients about what is happening in their personal lives is not helpful in understanding their physical complaints. .230 .394 -.015 .273 .466
17. Physicians should try to think like their patients in order to render better care .520 .005 .720 .034 .435
9. Physicians should try to stand in their patients' shoes when providing care to them .469 .085 .658 .167 .499
16. Physicians' understanding of the emotional status of their patients, as well as that of their families is one important component of the physician-patient relationship .622 .454 .644 -.037 .612
15. Empathy is a therapeutic skill without which the physician' s success is limited .382 .326 .504 -.147 .484
5. A physician's sense of humor contributes to a better clinical outcome .215 .260 .370 -.102 .387
4. Understanding body language is as important as verbal communication in physician-patient relationships .217 .196 .364 .214 .338
18. Physicians should not allow themselves to be influenced by strong personal bonds between their patients and their family members .090 .138 -.264 .039 .192
6. Because people are different, it is difficult to see things from patients' perspectives .690 -.068 .022 .828 .248
3. It is a difficult for a physician to view things from patients' perspectives .565 .101 -.093 .739 .298
19. I do not enjoy reading non-medical literature or the arts .108 .192 .075 .256 .216
Eigenvalues   4.42 1.69 1.36  
% of Explained Variance   17.65 11.85 7.89  
Cronbach's Alpha   .63 .74 .64