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Table 2 Comparison of personal characteristics actual clinical skills between the residents with and without simulation based training experience

From: Learning curves and long-term outcome of simulation-based thoracentesis training for medical students

  participants with training experience participants without training experience P value
Total 42 32  
Training year in hospital, (%)    
   Postgraduate first-year residents 0 32(100%)  
   Sixth-year medical students 42(100%) 0  
Gender, (%)    0.990
   Female 17(40%) 13(41%)  
   Male 25(60%) 19(59%)  
Self-reported prior procedures, (n)    
   Simulation based 6.5 0  
   Real patient based 0 0  
   witnessed thoracentesis 4.2 ± 0.7 4.4 ± 1.1 0.282
Score of pre-test * 47.1 ± 1.3 46.9 ± 2.5 0.624
Clinical Competency Assessment    
   Performance Score 19.2 ± 0.9 18.7 ± 1.1 0.034
   Performance Time 10.4 ± 1.0 12.5 ± 1.4 < 0.001
   Performance Confidence 4.4 ± 0.5 3.6 ± 0.6 < 0.001
  1. * Pre-test, it is a multiple choice test on the knowledge about thoracentesis.