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Table 4 Factors associated with positive change of students' attitudes toward community health care

From: Does community-based education increase students' motivation to practice community health care? - a cross sectional study

  Worthwile Confidence
  Positive change†, n(%) Crude RR (95%CI) Adjusted RR (95%CI)‡ Positive change†, n(%) Crude RR (95%CI) Adjusted RR (95%CI)§
Gender       
   Male 302 (61.1) 1.00 - 297 (60.1) 1.00 -
   Female 86 (57.0) 0.84 (0.58-1.22) - 104 (68.9) 1.47 (0.99-2.17) -
Training setting       
   Hospital 142 (59.9) 1.00 - 136 (57.4) 1.00 -
   Hospital and clinic 210 (59.2) 0.97 (0.69-1.35) - 231 (65.1) 1.37 (0.98-1.94) -
   Clinic 36 (67.9) 1.42 (0.75-2.67) - 34 (64.2) 1.33 (0.72-2.46) -
Lerning Activities       
   Ambulatroy care 388 (60.2)/- - - 401 (62.2)/- - -
   Home care 357 (61.6)/31 (47.7) 1.76 (1.05-2.94) 2.06 (1.03-4.12) 357 (61.6)/44 (67.7) 0.76 (0.44-1.32) -
   Hospital care 339 (59.9)/49 (62.0) 0.91 (0.56-1.48) - 353 (62.4)/48 (60.8) 1.07 (0.66-1.73) -
   Placement in mobile clinics 296 (61.3)/92 (56.8) 1.20 (0.84-1.73) - 302 (62.5)/99 (61.1) 1.06 (0.74-1.53) -
   On-call work 286 (59.3)/102 (62.6) 0.87 (0.61-1.26) - 300 (62.2)/101 (62.0) 1.01 (0.70-1.46) -
   Placement in welfare facilities* 265 (59.7)/123 (61.2) 0.94 (0.67-1.32) - 281 (63.3)/120 (59.7) 1.16 (0.83-1.64) -
   Health education 274 (63.6)/114 (53.3) 1.53 (1.10-2.13) 1.70 (1.09-2.64) 283 (65.7)/118 (55.1) 1.56 (1.11-2.17) 1.56 (1.08-2.26)
   Day services 245 (60.6)/143 (59.3) 1.06 (0.76-1.46) - 259 (64.1)/142 (58.9) 1.25 (0.90-1.73) -
   Health check-ups 224 (60.9)/164 (59.2) 1.07 (0.78-1.47) - 235 (63.9)/166 (59.9) 1.18 (0.86-1.63) -
   Rihabilitation 233 (62.3)/155 (57.2) 1.24 (0.90-1.70) - 247 (90.1)/154 (56.8) 1.48 (1.07-2.04) 1.26 (0.88-1.79)
   Vaccination 158 (62.9)/230 (58.4) 1.21 (0.88-1.68) - 155 (61.8)/246 (62.4) 0.97 (0.70-1.35)  
Number of learning activities       
   1-4 items 12 (40.0) 1.00 1.00 17 (56.7) 1.00 -
   5-7 items 141 (62.7) 2.52 (1.16-5.49) 0.83 (0.30-2.30) 137 (60.9) 1.19 (0.55-2.57) -
   8-11 items 235 (60.3) 2.27 (1.07-4.86) 0.51 (0.18-1.50) 247 (63.3) 1.32 (0.62-2.80) -
  1. Abbrevation: RR, relative ratio; CI, confidence interval; Worthwhile,I think practicing community health care is worthwhile; Confidence,I am confident about practicing community health care.
  2. * Welfare facilities: welfare institusion or nursing home for the aged.
  3. †The number of the students with higher visual analogue scale score in the post- compared to the pre-questionnaire in each category of gender, training setting and the number of the learning acitivities and the experience/non-experience with each activity.
  4. ‡ Adjusted home care, health education, number of learning activities, gender, students' evaluations of the program, and the score of "worthwhile" before the clerkship. § Adjusted health education, health check-ups, gender, students' evaluations of the program, and the score of "confidence" before the clerkship.