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Table 2 Educational Approaches

From: Global health competencies and approaches in medical education: a literature review

Educational Approach Method of Implementation % a
Experiential Learning   40.6
Domestic [10, 19, 28, 29] • Mandatory clerkship in community medicine[10]
• The first year of medical education includes a clinical and International Health and Medicine Day [28]
• Community prevention outreach program at a shelter for government-assisted refugees [29]
• Weekly patient contact is offered to all first-year students[19]
 
International[7, 10, 13, 16, 17, 26, 3033] • 2-week pre-clinical placement in developing countries[30, 31]
• Pre-departure training[10, 30, 31]
• Two month elective at an international site[10, 16, 33]
• Pre-departure orientations[10]
• Elective terms for medical students in preclinical and clinical years[7, 26]
• Summer immersion experience [17]
• International clinical electives, international rotations and opportunities for residents[32]
• International Health Fellowship Program (IHFP) (two weeks of full-time preparatory courses followed by 6 to 8 weeks of international fieldwork)[13]
 
Didactics [6, 7, 10, 16, 19, 22, 26, 28, 3033] • Student discussions [30]
• Group projects[30]
• Intensive courses (several weeks courses) [30, 31]
• Core courses[10]
• Elective courses[10, 30]
• Meetings[10]
• Global health "tracks" [31]
• Student involvement in conferences [7]
• Collaboration with departments of health[22]
• Courses taught by activist faculty members[22]
• Mandatory courses in biostatistics, epidemiology, preventative medicine and health services[26]
• Introductory course [16, 19, 28, 33]
• Residency "tracks"[32]
• Preclinical courses[6]
• Website resources[6]
37.5
Peer Education[7, 16, 29] • Regular global health meetings involving student leaders and senior faculty members[7]
• Student-run workshops for cross-cultural communication[16]
• Student leadership with family physician mentorship[29]
9.4
Residency Training[9, 15, 24] • Global Health tracks within residency programs[9]
• Mentorship[9]
• Preparation for oversees electives [9]
• Additional year of training outside core residency programs[9]
• 4-8 weeks resident rotations[24]
• Block, longitudinal didactic international health training exposure to residents[15]
9.4
Research and Scholarly Activity[9, 32] • Research opportunities abroad[9]
• Research opportunities for residents abroad[32]
6.3
  1. a The percent of articles mentioning education approaches was calculated by dividing the total number of articles discussing a certain educational approach by the total number of retrieved articles.