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Table 1 Responses to selected knowledge questions including comparison of response by program.

From: THE VAXED PROJECT: An Assessment of Immunization Education in Canadian Health Professional Programs

  All programs (%) Nursing 1 (%) Nursing 2 (%) Medicine (%) Pharmacy (%) Association with program (p-value)
Mild illness, with fever, is a reason to withhold vaccination
*False 71 (49.0) 14 (25.5) 2 (8.3) 17 (81.0) 38 (84.4)  
True 65 (44.8) 34 (61.8) 21 (87.5) 4 (19.0) 6 (13.3) < .001
Don't Know 9 (6.2) 7 (12.7) 1 (4.2) 0 1 (2.2)  
Giving multiple vaccines at the same time can overload the immune system
*False 118 (80.3) 39 (68.4) 14 (58.3) 21 (100) 44 (97.8)  
True 18 (12.2) 11 (19.3) 7 (29.2) 0 0 < .001
Don't Know 11 (7.5) 7 (12.3) 3 (12.5) 0 1 (2.2)  
Pneumococcal vaccination is contraindicated for asplenic patients
*False 58 (39.5) 12 (21.1) 7 (29.2) 16 (76.2) 23 (51.1)  
True 15 (10.2) 7 (12.3) 2 (8.3) 3 (14.3) 3 (6.7) < .001
Don't Know 74 (50.3) 38 (66.6) 15 (62.5) 2 (9.5) 19 (42.2)  
Varicella vaccine can prevent chicken pox or reduce the severity of the disease if given within 3-5 days of exposure
False 46 (31.3) 12 (21.1) 14 (58.3) 11 (52.4) 9 (20.0)  
*True 60 (40.8) 22 (38.6) 5 (20.8) 4 (19.1) 29 (64.4) < .001
Don't Know 41 (27.9) 23 (40.3) 5 (20.8) 6 (28.5) 7 (15.6)  
Children who have had culture positive pertussis disease should not receive pertussis-containing vaccines
*False 40 (27.4) 8 (14.0) 8 (34.8) 13 (61.9) 11 (24.4)  
True 33 (22.6) 18 (31.6) 7 (30.4) 2 (9.5) 6 (13.3) < .001
Don't Know 73 (50.0) 31 (54.4) 8 (34.8) 6 (28.6) 28 (62.2)  
Routine childhood vaccines can be given to a child taking antibiotics for an ear infection
False 37 (25.2) 15 (26.3) 12 (50.0) 6 (28.6) 4 (8.9)  
*True 82 (55.8) 23 (40.4) 7 (29.2) 14 (66.7) 38 (84.4) < .001
Don't Know 28 (19.0) 19 (33.3) 5 (20.8) 1 (4.8) 3 (6.7)  
Prior egg ingestion is a prerequisite for immunization with measles, mumps and rubella
*False 77 (52.4) 25 (43.9) 7 (29.2) 16 (76.2) 29 (64.4)  
True 43 (29.3) 17 (29.8) 14 (58.3) 3 (14.3) 9 (20.00) .003
Don't Know 27 (18.3) 15 (26.3) 3 (12.5) 2 (9.5) 7 (15.6)  
Pertussis vaccine can cause sudden infant death syndrome
*False 98 (67.1) 33 (58.9) 14 (58.3) 20 (95.3) 31 (68.9)  
True 7 (4.8) 3 (5.4) 1 (4.2) 0 3 (6.7) .009
Don't Know 41 (28.1) 20 (35.7) 9 (37.5) 1 (4.7) 11 (24.4)  
Current scientific evidence supports associations between vaccines and chronic conditions such as autism and multiple sclerosis
*False 114 (77.6) 37 (64.9) 13 (54.2) 21 (100) 43 (95.6)  
True 17 (11.6) 10 (17.5) 6 (25.00) 0 1 (2.2) < .001
Don't Know 16 (10.8) 10 (17.5) 5 (20.8) 0 1 (2.2)  
  1. Correct responses are indicated by an asterix (*).