# Table 3 Non-RCT participants' reasons for preferring small groups or interactive seminars

Non-RCT participants
SG IS
Number of students completing questionnaire A N = 68 N = 36
strongly disagree disagree neutral agree strongly agree strongly disagree disagree neutral agree strongly agree
% %
In general, I prefer working in small groups.* 0 0 7.5 59.7 32.8 0 14.7 20.6 50.0 14.7
I retain information much better when I work in a small group.** 0 0 11.9 58.2 29.9 0 14.7 41.2 32.4 11.8
I want to participate actively during lectures and seminars. 0 9.0 20.9 47.8 22.4 0 17.6 26.5 41.2 14.7
I like to have the material demonstrated to me. 1.5 3.0 22.4 53.7 19.4 0 2.9 17.6 52.9 23.5
I appreciate direct feedback from a tutor/lecturer. 0 3.0 13.4 65.7 17.9 2.9 2.9 17.6 50.0 26.5
I dislike compulsory course components.*** 1.5 37.3 43.3 9.0 9.0 8.8 8.8 26.5 41.2 14.7
I prefer to determine for myself when I study. 0 1.5 22.4 52.2 23.9 0 2.9 11.8 52.9 32.4
I prefer to work out the material for myself. 1.5 19.4 35.8 38.8 4.5 5.9 11.8 38.2 38.2 5.9
To me, small group teaching is an extra and not essential preparation for the exam. 16.4 55.2 4.5 19.4 4.5 11.8 41.2 20.6 26.5 0
I prefer to start studying just before the exam. 28.4 40.3 14.9 13.4 3.0 14.7 41.2 20.6 17.6 5.9
I enjoy preparing for small group tutorials. 3.0 13.4 26.9 50.7 6.0 5.9 14.7 29.4 38.2 11.8
1. SG = Small group tutorials. IS = Interactive seminars.
2. Questionnaire A = Questionnaire sent to all students three weeks before the start of the block.
3. * P = 0.001; ** P < 0.001 and *** P = 0.008 by student unpaired t test.