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Table 2 Effectiveness of small group tutorials and interactive seminars.

From: Interactive seminars or small group tutorials in preclinical medical education: results of a randomized controlled trial

  RCT-participants
  SG IS T-test
Outcome Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean Δ 95% CI P-value
Test takers (N) 48 48    
End-of-block test grade
(0-10; ≥6 = pass)
6.6 (1.1) 6.6 (1.0) 0.06 -0.36-0.48 0.768
Sub-scores (minimun vs maximum score):      
Multiple-choice questions (0-10) 6.3 (1.7) 6.2(1.4) 0.06 -0.58-0.70 0.846
Extended-matching questions (0-10) 25.7 (5.2) 25.8 (5.3) -0.15 -2.28-1.97 0.887
Open questions orthopaedics (0-23) 15.0 (3.5) 14.1 (3.7) 0.92 -0.56-2.39 0.221
Open questions rheumatology (0-23) 15.9 (4.5) 15.5 (4.2) 0.41 -1.36-2.17 0.649
  Non-RCT participants
  SG IS T-test   
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean Δ 95% CI P-value
Test takers (N) 60 30    
End-of-block test grade
(0-10; ≥6 = pass)
6.8 (1.2) 6.2 (1.3) 0.60 0.47-1.15 0.034
Sub-scores (minimun vsmaximum score):      
Multiple-choice questions (0-10) 6.3 (1.5) 5.7 (1.6) 0.52 0.15-1.18 0.126
Extended-matching questions (0-10) 27.1 (5.7) 25.2 (5.1) 1.91 0.54-4.36 0.125
Open questions orthopaedics (0-23) 15.3 (4.5) 13.0 (5.4) 2.32 0.18-4.46 0.034
Open questions rheumatology (0-23) 16.3 (4.5) 15.2 (4.8) 1.09 0.94-3.12 0.288
  1. SG = Small group tutorials; IS = Interactive seminars.
  2. End-of-block test grade = grade received at the final test.; sub-scores = number of points received for the different parts of the test.
  3. Minimum vs maximum score: (min-max) For example: (0-10), minumum score = 0, maximum score = 10